HomeIndiaDelhiWeather in Delhi: Climate, Seasons, & Temperature

Weather in Delhi: Climate, Seasons, & Temperature

Landlock Delhi is located on the banks of the river Yamuna in North India. Its interior location — far from the sea and surrounded by mountains, creates an unusual dry continental climate in a largely humid, subtropical region. Weather and climate in Delhi are characterized by extreme differences in summer and winter temperatures. Winters are cold at night but pleasant during the day. Summers are long and scorching, with f 104 ° (40 ° C) days in May and June, making the city humid only during the rainy season, when moist monsoon winds off the west coast of India. She goes up and enters it.

You need to know this when planning your trip to Delhi so that you can visit at the best time of the year.

Fast Climate Facts

Hottest month: June (92 degrees F / 33 degrees C)
Coldest month: January (57 degrees F / 14 degrees C)
Wettest month: August (10 inches of rain)

Air Pollution in Delhi

Severe air pollution is a major issue in Delhi, especially during the cooler months. The problem with “very unhealthy” air quality index scores in April and May has now extended all the way to summer.

After the withdrawal of the monsoon at the end of September, air quality begins to hit alarming levels. 2 Changes in atmospheric conditions — temperature and air fall — cause dense smog in the region. Pollution is known as “winter invention”, where colder and thinner lower layers of the atmosphere are trapped under warmer upper layers. The location of Delhi’s land means that there is no clean sea breeze unlike Mumbai and Chennai, and there is no pollution anywhere.

Dust (transported to the city by the Thar Desert and far-flung dust storms), automotive, construction and industrial emissions are the main pollutants. However, agricultural stubs are burning in the neighboring states of Haryana and Punjab, and firecrackers during the Deepawali festival bring pollution to peak in October and November.

The city is making efforts to combat pollution and in January 2021 a smog tower has been installed. The 20-foot tall tower filters between 250,000 and 600,000 cubic meters (8.8 million and 21.2 million cubic feet) of air, leaving about 80 percent of the particles. Currently, there is only one tower in the whole of Delhi, but if it performs well it will be installed.

It is recommended that you check the air quality report and wear an appropriate anti-pollution mask (not a surgical mask) if unsafe, or if you have respiratory problems such as asthma and bronchitis.

Winter in Delhi

By the second week of December, winter begins, with daytime temperatures decreasing above 74 degrees Fahrenheit (23 degrees Celsius). However, due to the combination of climate change and urbanization, Delhi’s winters are declining considerably. Only the first few weeks are in January. By mid-January people are already shedding their clothes as the days get warmer, and there is a mild cold at night and early in the morning.

Temperatures at night can fall to 32 ° F (0 ° C) during winter, producing frost in the morning. Daytime temperatures typically hover around 68 ° F (20 ° C), but fall to as low as 61 ° F (16 ° C) in the first half of January. Morning mist and fog are common, cutting off the sun and reducing visibility. Western disturbances (tropical storms of the Mediterranean) also bring cold waves with rain and hail in the city.

What to Pack: Heavy wool and clothes that you can layer. Pants, jeans, shawls, shirts, T-shirts, jackets.

Average Temperatures by Month:

December: 74 degrees F / 48 degrees F (23 degrees C / 9 degrees C)
January: 69 degrees F /46 degrees F (21 degrees C / 8 degrees C)

Spring in Delhi

Spring is also short-lived in Delhi, but it is a wonderful time of year in the city, as the gardens burst to life with bright blooms (Mughal Gardens at Rashtrapati Bhavan, the President’s residence, are an attraction and open to the public. ). The transition to spring occurs in mid-February, with a change in wind direction and a gradual increase in temperature. The season begins with the popular Vasant Panchami festival.

The spring days are brilliantly sunny and warm, with nighttime temperatures typically above 50 ° F (10 ° C). However, isolated patches of rain and hail still occur from the Western Disturbance. By the end of March, daytime temperatures are hovering at 91 ° F (35 ° C) or higher, and there is no doubt that summer has arrived!

What to Pack: Light wools and clothes that you can layer.

Average Temperatures by Month:

February: 77 degrees F / 52 degrees F (25 degrees C / 11 degrees C)
March: 88 degrees F / 61 degrees F (31 degrees C / 16 degrees C)

Summer in Delhi

The final endless heat in Delhi, though not in a pleasant way. It is long and scorching with warm dry winds from the Thar Desert of Rajasthan sending temperatures of 113 degrees Fahrenheit (45 degrees Celsius) or higher. Summer continuously intensifies from April to mid-June. Daytime temperatures are consistently above 95 ° F (35 ° C) in April and 104 ° F (40 ° C) in May.

The arrival of the southwest monsoon brings some relief from mid-June, with occasional thunderstorms. However, it also brings uncomfortable humidity. If you are in Delhi during summer, check these top things indoors to beat the heat!

What to Pack: Light cotton and loose clothing. Dress standards are relatively liberal in Delhi, so women can wear sleeveless tops and men can wear shorts.

Average Temperatures by Month:

April: 99 degrees F / 71 degrees F (37 degrees C / 22 degrees C)
May: 104 degrees F / 78 degrees F (40 degrees C / 26 degrees C)
June: 103 degrees F / 81 degrees F (39 degrees C / 27 degrees C)

Monsoon in Delhi

The southwest monsoon reaches Delhi by the first week of July and the weather becomes sticky by changing. It is characterized by a spread of rain for up to a week, after a break for one or two days. The rain is the heaviest in late July and through August. Although the heat is less fierce, the oppressive humidity creates a sauna-like situation when it does not rain for a while. Be ready to sweat! It is really weird and uncomfortable. The rains subside in early September, but humidity remains high and daytime temperatures can be quite erratic. Moisture finally starts to fall in late September as the monsoon breaks.

What to Pack: An umbrella, raincoat, waterproof footwear, knee-length pants in dark colors, and fabrics that dry easily. This monsoon season packing list for India provides a comprehensive list.

Average Temperatures and Rainfall by Month:

July: 97 degrees F / 81 degrees F (36 degrees C / 27 degrees C); 9 inches
August: 95 degrees F / 80 degrees F (35 degrees C / 27 degrees C); 10 inches
September: 94 degrees F / 77 degrees F (34.5 degrees C / 25 degrees C); 5 inches

Fall in Delhi

The temperature in Delhi is more pleasant than falling. It gradually decreases to a day high of about 86 ° F (30 ° C) and the humidity disappears. The temperature remains mild overnight. The minimum is expected to reach 68 ° F (20 ° C) in October and 57 ° F (14 ° C) in November. It is a festive time of the year with Navratri, Dussehra, and Diwali. Unfortunately, air quality issues are a major barrier to visiting the city at that time.

What to Pack: Cotton or light woolens

Average Temperatures by Month:

October: 92 degrees F / 68 degrees F (33 degrees C / 20 degrees C)
November: 83 degrees F / 56 degrees F (28 degrees C / 13 degrees C)

Average Monthly Temperature, Rainfall, and Daylight Hours

Delhi’s wide fluctuating temperatures sometimes reach 118 degrees Fahrenheit (48 degrees Celsius) in the height of summer. In winter, it falls below freezing at night time. Delhi is situated north of the Tropic of Cancer. The number of daylight varies about four hours throughout the year. The city gets 14 hours of light on the longest day and 10 hours on the shortest day.

ARTICLE SOURCES

  1. Time and Date. “Climate & Weather Averages in New Delhi, India.” December 2020.
  2. IQ Air. “Delhi Air Quality.” December 2020.
  3. Climates to Travel. “Climate & Weather Averages in New Delhi, Delhi, India.” December 2020.

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