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United Kingdom

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The United Kingdom, also known as Great Britain, is a country located in Western Europe, consisting of four constituent countries: England, Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland. The UK has a total area of approximately 242,500 square kilometers (93,600 square miles).

The UK is known for its diverse culture, rich history, and significant contributions to literature, music, and the arts. Its capital city, London, is a global center for finance, culture, and education, and is home to world-renowned landmarks such as Big Ben, the Tower of London, and Buckingham Palace.

The UK has a population of approximately 67 million people, with English being the official language. It has a diverse economy, with major industries including financial services, manufacturing, and tourism.

The UK has a rich history, having played a significant role in world events such as the Industrial Revolution, the two World Wars, and the establishment of the Commonwealth. It is a constitutional monarchy, with a parliamentary democracy and a head of state, currently Queen Elizabeth II. The UK is a member of the United Nations, NATO, the Commonwealth of Nations, and the G7.