Switzerland, officially known as the Swiss Confederation, is a landlocked country located in Western Europe. It is bordered by France to the west, Germany to the north, Austria and Liechtenstein to the east, and Italy to the south. Switzerland has a total area of approximately 41,285 square kilometers (15,940 square miles).
Switzerland is known for its scenic beauty, rich history, and contributions to science and technology. Its capital city, Bern, is known for its historic architecture and as a hub for international organizations such as the United Nations and the World Health Organization.
Switzerland has a population of approximately 8.6 million people, with four official languages: German, French, Italian, and Romansh. The country has a diverse economy, with major industries including banking, pharmaceuticals, and tourism. It is also known for its production of high-quality chocolate, cheese, and other agricultural products.
Switzerland has a rich history, having been home to various civilizations throughout its history, including the Celts, Romans, and the Holy Roman Empire. It has played a significant role in world events such as the Reformation, World War I and II, and the Cold War.
Switzerland is a federal parliamentary republic with a head of state, currently President Guy Parmelin, and a chancellor, currently Walter Thurnherr. Switzerland is not a member of the European Union, but has a close relationship with it through various bilateral agreements. It is a member of the United Nations and various other international organizations.