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Kalimantan is the Indonesian part of the island of Borneo, the world’s third-largest island, shared with Malaysia and Brunei. The region comprises five provinces: West Kalimantan, Central Kalimantan, South Kalimantan, East Kalimantan, and North Kalimantan. The island is known for its dense rainforests, rich biodiversity, and unique indigenous cultures.
The region is home to a variety of wildlife, including orangutans, proboscis monkeys, and clouded leopards. The Tanjung Puting National Park in Central Kalimantan is a popular destination for eco-tourists and is home to the largest population of orangutans in the world. The Derawan Islands in East Kalimantan are known for their beautiful coral reefs and rich marine life, making them a popular destination for scuba diving and snorkeling.
The indigenous Dayak people are the largest ethnic group in Kalimantan, with a rich and unique culture. They have traditional longhouses, where several families live together in a communal setting. The region is also known for its traditional arts and crafts, including weaving, woodcarving, and metalworking.
Kalimantan is also home to several large cities, including Banjarmasin, Pontianak, Samarinda, and Balikpapan. These cities serve as important economic centers, with a focus on mining, forestry, and agriculture.
Overall, the Kalimantan region is a fascinating area of Indonesia, with a mix of dense rainforests, unique indigenous cultures, and bustling modern cities. It is a must-visit destination for anyone interested in experiencing Indonesia’s diverse culture, nature, and history.