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Europe is the second smallest continent by area and the third largest by population. It covers about 6% of the total land area of the planet and is home to over 743 million people. It is located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere and is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the west, the Arctic Ocean to the north, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south.

Europe is known for its diverse geography, including large forests, high mountain ranges, and fertile plains. Some of the notable physical features of the continent include the Alps, the Pyrenees, and the Scandinavian Mountains. Europe is also home to a variety of wildlife, including bears, wolves, and many species of birds and fish.

Culturally, Europe is incredibly rich and diverse, with a history that includes the ancient civilizations of Greece and Rome, the medieval period, the Renaissance, and the formation of modern nation-states. The continent is also home to a variety of religious, ethnic, and linguistic groups.

Europe plays a major role in the global economy, with many of its countries being major centers of trade, finance, and industry. The continent is also a major center of culture, with some of the world’s largest and most influential museums, theaters, and galleries. The European Union, a political and economic union of 27 member states, is headquartered in Europe and plays a major role in shaping the policies and regulations of the continent.