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Africa is the second largest continent on Earth by both area and population. It covers about 20% of the total land area of the planet and is home to over 1.3 billion people. It is located primarily in the Southern Hemisphere and is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the west, the Indian Ocean to the east, and the Mediterranean Sea to the north.

Africa is known for its diverse geography, including vast deserts, high mountain ranges, and tropical rainforests. Some of the notable physical features of the continent include the Sahara Desert, the Atlas Mountains, and the Congo Basin. Africa is also home to a variety of wildlife, including elephants, lions, gorillas, and many species of birds and reptiles.

Culturally, Africa is incredibly diverse, with over 2,000 ethnic groups and over 1,500 languages spoken on the continent. The continent has a rich history, with some of the world’s earliest human civilizations having originated in Africa, such as Ancient Egypt and the Kingdom of Kush.

Despite its rich resources and cultural heritage, Africa remains one of the poorest continents in the world, with many countries facing challenges such as poverty, disease, and political instability. However, in recent years, many African countries have made significant progress in terms of economic development and improved governance, and the continent is expected to play an increasingly important role in the global economy in the coming decades.