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Spain, officially known as the Kingdom of Spain, is a country located in southwestern Europe on the Iberian Peninsula. It is the fourth largest country in Europe and the second largest in the European Union, covering an area of approximately 505,990 square kilometers (195,364 square miles). Spain shares borders with Portugal to the west, France and Andorra to the northeast, and Morocco to the south across the Strait of Gibraltar.

Spain has a rich cultural heritage and is known for its vibrant and diverse culture, cuisine, art, music, and architecture. Its capital city, Madrid, is known for its world-class museums, art galleries, and historic landmarks. Other popular cities include Barcelona, Valencia, Seville, and Granada, each with its own unique history and attractions.

Spain has a population of approximately 47 million people, with Spanish being the official language. The country has a diverse economy, with major industries including tourism, agriculture, manufacturing, and services. Spain is also one of the world’s leading producers of olive oil and wine.

Spain has a rich history, having been home to various civilizations and empires throughout its history, including the Roman Empire, the Moors, and the Catholic Monarchs. It has played a significant role in world events such as the Age of Exploration and colonization of the Americas, and is a member of the United Nations, the European Union, NATO, and the G20.