HomeIndiaAndhra PradeshSrikalahasti Temple: History & Architecture

Srikalahasti Temple: History & Architecture

Srikalahasti Temple is a famous Hindu temple located in the town of Srikalahasti in Andhra Pradesh, India. The temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva and is considered one of the most important shrines in South India. It is also known as Dakshina Kailasam, which means “Kailash of the South”.

The temple has a rich history and is said to be over 1,500 years old. According to legend, the temple was built by the king of the Pallavas, Krishnaveeraraya, in the 5th century AD. The temple also has a strong association with the Shaiva saint, Sri Kalahasteeswara, who is said to have attained enlightenment here.

The temple complex is built in the Dravidian style of architecture and comprises of several shrines, mandapams, and gopurams. The main temple is built around a natural cave, which is considered to be the main sanctum sanctorum of the temple. The cave is said to have been formed by the shadow of Lord Shiva, who appeared in the form of a lingam to Lord Rama and his brother Lakshmana.

The temple is also known for its intricate sculptures and carvings. The walls of the temple are adorned with beautiful sculptures of various deities and scenes from Hindu mythology. The temple also has a number of mandapams, including the Rama Mandapam, which is said to have been built by Lord Rama himself.

The temple is visited by thousands of devotees every year, particularly during the months of December and January when the temple conducts the annual Srikalahasti festival. The festival is celebrated with great pomp and show and is attended by people from all over India.

The temple is also considered an important pilgrimage site for Shaiva devotees and is one of the five sacred Pancha Bhoota Stalams, which represent the five elements of nature. The temple is associated with the element of air and is said to be one of the most powerful temples in India for performing poojas and rituals related to Lord Shiva.

In conclusion, Srikalahasti Temple is an important religious site and a major tourist attraction in Andhra Pradesh. Its rich history, intricate architecture, and association with Lord Shiva make it a must-visit destination for all devotees and tourists.

Things to know about Srikalahasti Temple

  1. Srikalahasti Temple is one of the most important shrines dedicated to Lord Shiva in South India. It is located in the town of Srikalahasti in Andhra Pradesh.
  2. The temple is said to be over 1,500 years old and was built by the king of the Pallavas, Krishnaveeraraya, in the 5th century AD.
  3. It is also known as Dakshina Kailasam, which means “Kailash of the South.”
  4. The temple complex is built in the Dravidian style of architecture and comprises of several shrines, mandapams, and gopurams.
  5. The main temple is built around a natural cave, which is considered the main sanctum sanctorum of the temple and is said to have been formed by the shadow of Lord Shiva.
  6. The temple is known for its intricate sculptures and carvings on the walls, depicting various deities and scenes from Hindu mythology.
  7. The temple is visited by thousands of devotees every year, particularly during the months of December and January when the temple conducts the annual Srikalahasti festival.
  8. The temple is considered an important pilgrimage site for Shaiva devotees and is one of the five sacred Pancha Bhoota Stalams, representing the five elements of nature, which this temple is associated with air.
  9. It is said to be one of the most powerful temples in India for performing poojas and rituals related to Lord Shiva.
  10. The temple is a major tourist attraction in Andhra Pradesh and its rich history, intricate architecture, and association with Lord Shiva make it a must-visit destination for all devotees and tourists.

Facts About Srikalahasti Temple

  1. Srikalahasti Temple is one of the most ancient and important temples dedicated to Lord Shiva in South India. It is believed to be over 1,500 years old.
  2. The temple is located in the town of Srikalahasti in Andhra Pradesh, India.
  3. Srikalahasti Temple is also known as Dakshina Kailasam, which means “Kailash of the South.”
  4. The temple is built in the Dravidian style of architecture and comprises several shrines, mandapams, and gopurams.
  5. The temple is built around a natural cave, which is considered the main sanctum sanctorum and is said to have been formed by the shadow of Lord Shiva.
  6. The temple is known for its intricate sculptures and carvings on the walls, depicting various deities and scenes from Hindu mythology.
  7. The temple is visited by thousands of devotees every year, particularly during the annual Srikalahasti festival, which is celebrated in December-January.
  8. The temple is considered an important pilgrimage site for Shaiva devotees and is one of the five sacred Pancha Bhoota Stalams, representing the five elements of nature.
  9. Srikalahasti Temple is considered to be one of the most powerful temples in India for performing poojas and rituals related to Lord Shiva.
  10. The temple is a UNESCO World Heritage Site under the group of Hill Forts of Rajasthan and is a major tourist attraction in Andhra Pradesh.

Legends of Srikalahasti Temple

Srikalahasti Temple has several legends associated with it. Here are a few of them:

  1. According to one legend, the temple was built by the king of the Pallavas, Krishnaveeraraya, in the 5th century AD.
  2. Another legend says that the temple has a strong association with the Shaiva saint, Sri Kalahasteeswara, who is said to have attained enlightenment here.
  3. The temple is also said to have a connection to the epic Ramayana. According to the legend, Lord Rama and his brother Lakshmana worshiped Lord Shiva at this temple during their exile. Lord Shiva appeared in the form of a lingam to Lord Rama and his brother Lakshmana.
  4. Another legend tells the story of a spider (Sri), a serpent (Kala), and an elephant (Hasti) who all attained salvation by worshiping Lord Shiva at this temple. As a result, the temple was named after these three creatures, Sri-Kala-Hasti.
  5. There is also a story of a devotee named Kannappa who was ready to offer his eyes as a sacrifice to Lord Shiva. Lord Shiva was impressed by his devotion and restored his eyes.
  6. Another legend says that the temple is built over a site where Lord Vishnu and Lord Brahma had a fight over superiority, and Lord Shiva appeared as a column of light to settle their argument.

All these legends and stories make Srikalahasti Temple a place of great religious significance and a must-visit destination for devotees of Lord Shiva.

History of Srikalahasti Temple

The history of Srikalahasti Temple dates back to ancient times. The temple is believed to be over 1,500 years old and is considered one of the most ancient and important temples dedicated to Lord Shiva in South India.

The temple was built by the king of the Pallavas, Krishnaveeraraya, in the 5th century AD. The temple has a rich history and has been under the patronage of several dynasties and rulers throughout its history. The Chola dynasty, the Vijayanagara Empire, and the Rajas of Kalahasti are some of the known patrons of the temple.

During the medieval period, the temple attracted many famous saints and scholars who wrote hymns in praise of Lord Shiva. The temple is also associated with the Shaiva saint Sri Kalahasteeswara, who is said to have attained enlightenment here.

In the 19th century, the temple underwent major renovations and was expanded by the Raja of Kalahasti. The temple was also modernized and a number of new shrines and mandapams were added to the complex.

In recent times, the temple has become a major tourist attraction and a pilgrimage site for Shaiva devotees. The temple is also a UNESCO World Heritage Site under the group of Hill Forts of Rajasthan.

In conclusion, Srikalahasti Temple has a rich history spanning over 1500 years and has been under the patronage of several dynasties and rulers. It has been a major center of devotion and pilgrimage for devotees of Lord Shiva and has undergone major renovations and expansion throughout its history.

The architecture of Srikalahasti Temple

Srikalahasti Temple is known for its beautiful architecture and intricate carvings. The temple is built in the Dravidian style of architecture, which is a common style in South India.

The main temple complex is built around a natural cave, which is considered the main sanctum sanctorum of the temple. This cave is said to have been formed by the shadow of Lord Shiva, who appeared in the form of a lingam to Lord Rama and his brother Lakshmana. The cave houses a Shiva Linga, which is the main idol of the temple.

The temple complex comprises several shrines, mandapams, and gopurams. The temple has a total of five gopurams, with the main gopuram facing the east. This gopuram is adorned with intricate carvings and sculptures of various deities and scenes from Hindu mythology.

The temple also has several mandapams, including the Rama Mandapam, which is said to have been built by Lord Rama himself. The mandapams are also adorned with intricate carvings and sculptures.

The temple also has several shrines dedicated to various deities, including Lord Ganesha, Lord Murugan, and Lord Vishnu. The temple also has a shrine dedicated to Sri Kalahasteeswara, the Shaiva saint who is said to have attained enlightenment here.

In conclusion, Srikalahasti Temple’s architecture is a fine example of the Dravidian style of architecture. The temple complex is built around a natural cave, which is the main sanctum sanctorum of the temple. The temple is adorned with intricate carvings and sculptures of various deities and scenes from Hindu mythology, mandapams, and several gopurams. It is a perfect blend of architectural excellence and religious significance.

Srikalahasti Temple Pooja Timings and Cost

The pooja timings at Srikalahasti Temple may vary depending on the season and festival schedule. However, the temple is typically open for darshan (viewing of the deity) from early morning until evening. The temple also conducts several poojas (prayers and rituals) throughout the day.

Here is a general schedule of pooja timings at Srikalahasti Temple:

  • Suprabhatham Pooja: 4:00 AM – 5:00 AM
  • Thomala Seva: 8:00 AM – 9:00 AM
  • Archana: 9:00 AM – 11:00 AM
  • Kalyanam: 12:00 PM – 1:00 PM
  • Sahasra Namarchana: 6:00 PM – 7:00 PM
  • Ardhajama Pooja: 10:00 PM – 11:00 PM

Please note that the above pooja timings are approximate and may vary depending on the season and festival schedule. It is always best to check with the temple authorities for the most up-to-date information.

The cost of poojas at the Srikalahasti Temple may vary depending on the type of pooja being performed. The temple offers several types of poojas, including Archana, Sahasra Namarchana, and Kalyanam, which have different costs. The prices also vary depending on the days of the week, festivals, and special occasions.

The temple also offers special package poojas that include several services such as accommodation, transportation, and pooja materials. It is recommended to check with the temple authorities for the cost of the specific pooja you wish to perform and for any package pooja offers.

In conclusion, The pooja timings and costs at Srikalahasti Temple may vary depending on the season and festival schedule. It is always best to check with the temple authorities for the most up-to-date information and the specific pooja you wish to perform.

Tips For Visiting Srikalahasti Temple

  1. Plan your visit in advance: Srikalahasti Temple is a popular tourist destination and can get crowded, especially during peak seasons and festivals. Planning your visit in advance can help you avoid long lines and crowds.
  2. Dress modestly: Srikalahasti Temple is a religious site and it is important to dress modestly. Visitors are expected to remove shoes before entering the temple and men and women should avoid wearing shorts or revealing clothing.
  3. Be respectful: Srikalahasti Temple is a sacred site and it is important to be respectful of the temple’s rules and customs. Visitors should refrain from taking photos or videos inside the temple and should avoid loud or disruptive behavior.
  4. Be prepared for the weather: Srikalahasti is a hot place and it’s important to be prepared for the weather. It is recommended to carry a water bottle and wear a hat or sunscreen to protect yourself from the sun.
  5. Be aware of the Temple’s timings: Srikalahasti Temple’s timings may vary depending on the season and festival schedule. It is recommended to check with the temple authorities for the most up-to-date information and plan your visit accordingly.
  6. Hire a guide: If you want to learn more about the history, architecture, and legends of the temple, it’s a good idea to hire a local guide who can help you understand more about the temple.
  7. Keep valuables safe: Srikalahasti Temple is a busy place and it’s important to keep your valuables safe. Avoid carrying unnecessary items and make sure your bags are securely fastened.
  8. Be prepared to wait: During peak season and festival days, the temple can get crowded, so be prepared to wait in line.
  9. Respect the temple’s rules: The temple has rules and regulations that must be followed. Make sure you’re aware of them and respect them.
  10. Have a great visit: Srikalahasti Temple is a beautiful historical site with a rich cultural significance. Take your time to enjoy the experience and have a great visit.

How to Reach Srikalahasti Temple

Srikalahasti Temple is located in the town of Srikalahasti in Andhra Pradesh, India. The temple can be reached by several modes of transportation.

By Air: The nearest airport to Srikalahasti Temple is the Tirupati Airport, which is about 37 km away. From there, one can hire a taxi or take a bus to reach the temple.

By Train: The nearest railway station to Srikalahasti Temple is the Srikalahasti Railway Station, which is located just 1 km away from the temple. There are regular trains from major cities in South India that stop at this station.

By Bus: Srikalahasti is well connected by road and there are regular buses from major cities in Andhra Pradesh and neighboring states. The Andhra Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation (APSRTC) operates regular buses to Srikalahasti.

By Car: Srikalahasti is well connected by road and is easily accessible by car. It is located on National Highway 71, which connects it to major cities in Andhra Pradesh and neighboring states.

In conclusion, Srikalahasti Temple is well connected by air, train, bus, and car. The nearest airport is Tirupati Airport, the nearest railway station is Srikalahasti Railway Station, and the temple is well connected by road and regular buses are operated by APSRTC. One can also opt for a car to reach the temple as it is easily accessible by road.

Frequently Asked Questions About Srikalahasti Temple

Q. What is the significance of the Srikalahasti Temple?

A – Srikalahasti Temple is considered one of the most important shrines dedicated to Lord Shiva in South India. It is also known as Dakshina Kailasam, which means “Kailash of the South” and is considered a powerful temple for performing poojas and rituals related to Lord Shiva.

Q. When is the best time to visit Srikalahasti Temple?

A – The best time to visit Srikalahasti Temple is during the months of December and January when the temple conducts the annual Srikalahasti festival. However, the temple can be visited throughout the year, but it’s better to avoid the summer season as the temple is located in a hot place.

Q. What is the history of the Srikalahasti Temple?

A – The history of Srikalahasti Temple dates back to ancient times. The temple is believed to be over 1,500 years old and was built by the king of the Pallavas, Krishnaveeraraya, in the 5th century AD. The temple has been under the patronage of several dynasties and rulers throughout its history.

Q. What are the pooja timings at Srikalahasti Temple?

A – The pooja timings at Srikalahasti Temple may vary depending on the season and festival schedule. However, the temple typically conducts several poojas throughout the day, including Suprabhatham Pooja, Thomala Seva, Archana, Kalyanam, Sahasra Namarchana, and Ardhajama Pooja.

Q. What is the cost of poojas at Srikalahasti Temple?

A – The cost of poojas at Srikalahasti Temple may vary depending on the type of pooja being performed. The temple offers several types of poojas, including Archana, Sahasra Namarchana, and Kalyanam, which have different costs. The prices also vary depending on the days of the week, festivals, and special occasions.

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