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The Egyptian Museum

The Egyptian Museum is a museum in Cairo, Egypt that houses a vast collection of ancient Egyptian antiquities. It was founded in 1858 and is located in Cairo’s Tahrir Square. The museum contains over 120,000 items, including mummies, statues, and jewelry, and is considered one of the most important museums in the world for the study of ancient Egyptian history. The museum’s collection includes many important pieces from ancient Egyptian sites, such as the tomb of Tutankhamun and the Temple of Karnak. It is a popular tourist attraction in Cairo and is a must-see for anyone interested in ancient Egyptian culture.

History of the Egyptian Museum

The Egyptian Museum was founded in 1858 by the Egyptian government under the reign of Khedive Isma’il Pasha. It was originally located in the Giza Palace but was later moved to its current location in Tahrir Square in 1902. The museum was designed by the French architect Marcel Dourgnon, and it was built in a style that was inspired by ancient Egyptian architecture.

The museum’s collection originally consisted of objects that had been collected by the Egyptian government and by foreign archaeologists working in Egypt. Over the years, the collection has grown significantly, and it now contains over 120,000 items, including mummies, statues, jewelry, and other artifacts from ancient Egyptian sites.

In 2011, the museum underwent a major renovation and expansion, which included the construction of a new wing to house the museum’s collection of royal mummies. Today, the Egyptian Museum is a popular tourist attraction in Cairo and is a must-see for anyone interested in ancient Egyptian culture.

Read More – Pyramid of Djoser, Egypt 

15 most important items in Egyptian Museum

The Egyptian Museum in Cairo is home to a vast collection of ancient Egyptian artifacts, and many of the items in the collection are considered to be extremely important for the study of ancient Egyptian history. Some of the most important items in the museum’s collection include:

  1. The mummy of Pharaoh Tutankhamun: This is perhaps the most famous item in the museum’s collection, and it is a must-see for any visitor to the museum. Tutankhamun was an Egyptian Pharaoh who ruled from 1332 to 1323 BC, and his tomb was discovered in 1922 by the British archaeologist Howard Carter. The mummy of Tutankhamun is now on display at the museum.
  2. The Rosetta Stone: This stone is inscribed with a decree issued by the Egyptian Pharaoh Ptolemy V in 196 BC. It is written in three scripts: hieroglyphic, demotic, and Greek, and it was used to help scholars decipher the hieroglyphic script. The Rosetta Stone is now on display at the British Museum in London, but it was originally discovered in Egypt and was part of the Egyptian Museum’s collection.
  3. The Temple of Karnak: The Temple of Karnak is a complex of ancient Egyptian temples located in Luxor, Egypt. It is one of the most important ancient Egyptian sites, and it is home to a number of important artifacts, including statues and reliefs. Many of these artifacts are now on display at the Egyptian Museum in Cairo.
  4. The Nefertiti Bust: This bust is a sculpture of the ancient Egyptian queen Nefertiti and is considered to be one of the most beautiful works of art from ancient Egypt. It was discovered in 1912 and is now on display at the Neues Museum in Berlin, Germany.
  5. The Saqqara Bird: This is a small, wooden sculpture of a bird that was discovered at the Saqqara necropolis in Egypt. It is believed to be over 2,000 years old and is considered to be one of the oldest examples of an aircraft. The Saqqara Bird is now on display at the Egyptian Museum in Cairo
  6. The Narmer Palette: This is a stone palette that is inscribed with the name of the ancient Egyptian Pharaoh Narmer. It is believed to date back to the 31st century BC and is considered to be one of the earliest examples of hieroglyphic writing.
  7. The Akhenaten Stela: This stela is a large stone slab that is inscribed with the name of the ancient Egyptian Pharaoh Akhenaten. It is believed to date back to the 14th century BC and is considered to be one of the most important examples of ancient Egyptian art.
  8. The Seshat Statue: This is a sculpture of the ancient Egyptian goddess Seshat, who was the patroness of writing and knowledge. The statue is made of bronze and is believed to date back to the 22nd century BC.
  9. The Senusret III Statue: This is a sculpture of the ancient Egyptian Pharaoh Senusret III, who ruled from 1878 to 1840 BC. The statue is made of granite and is considered to be an important example of ancient Egyptian art.
  10. The Narmer Macehead: This is a stone macehead that is inscribed with the name of the ancient Egyptian Pharaoh Narmer. It is believed to date back to the 31st century BC and is considered to be one of the earliest examples of hieroglyphic writing.
  11. The Abu Simbel Temples: These are two ancient Egyptian temples that were built by Pharaoh Ramses II in the 13th century BC. They are located in southern Egypt and are considered to be some of the most impressive ancient Egyptian temples. Many of the artifacts from the Abu Simbel Temples are now on display at the Egyptian Museum in Cairo.
  12. The Meidum Geese: These are two painted plaster statues of geese that were discovered at the Meidum pyramid in Egypt. They are believed to date back to the 26th century BC and are considered to be some of the oldest examples of ancient Egyptian art.
  13. The Hatshepsut Obelisk: This is an obelisk that was erected by the Pharaoh Hatshepsut in the 15th century BC. It is made of granite and is considered to be an important example of ancient Egyptian architecture.
  14. The Narmer Tablet: This is a stone tablet that is inscribed with the name of the ancient Egyptian Pharaoh Narmer. It is believed to date back to the 31st century BC and is considered to be one of the earliest examples of hieroglyphic writing.
  15. The Khafre Enthroned: This is a sculpture of the ancient Egyptian Pharaoh Khafre, who ruled from 2520 to 2494 BC. The sculpture is made of diorite and is considered to be an important example of ancient Egyptian art.

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Frequently asked questions about the Egyptian Museum:

Q: Where is the Egyptian Museum located?

A: The Egyptian Museum is located in Cairo, Egypt, in Tahrir Square.

Q: What is the Egyptian Museum known for?

A: The Egyptian Museum is known for its vast collection of ancient Egyptian artifacts, including mummies, statues, jewelry, and other objects from ancient Egyptian sites. It is considered one of the most important museums in the world for the study of ancient Egyptian history.

Q: How big is the Egyptian Museum’s collection?

A: The Egyptian Museum’s collection consists of over 120,000 items.

Q: What are some of the most famous items in the Egyptian Museum’s collection?

A: Some of the most famous items in the Egyptian Museum’s collection include the mummy of Pharaoh Tutankhamun, the Rosetta Stone, the Temple of Karnak, the Nefertiti Bust, and the Saqqara Bird.

Q: Can I take photos at the Egyptian Museum?

A: Photography is generally allowed at the Egyptian Museum, but some areas may be off-limits to photography due to the sensitivity of the artifacts on display. It is best to check with the museum staff before taking any photos.

Q: Is the Egyptian Museum open to the public?

A: Yes, the Egyptian Museum is open to the public. It is usually open from 9:00 am to 5:00 pm, seven days a week, except for public holidays.

Q: How much does it cost to visit the Egyptian Museum?

A: The cost of admission to the Egyptian Museum varies, but it is generally around 100 Egyptian pounds (EGP) for adults and 50 EGP for students. Children under the age of 6 can enter the museum for free.

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