Temple of Preah Vihear: In the sixth century, King Yasovarman I (889–900) began work on the original dedicated to Shisha as a result of spiritual development, increased political prestige and economic development naturally led to the temple’s reconstruction with over 300 years of consultation. The deal was going through. This increased prestige under the later king Suryavarman II (1113 – 1150) naturally transformed the original small sanctuary into one of the greatest Khmer temples ever built. This ranking was the result of the finest in situ carvings showing the highest standards of unique Khmer architecture. Under the Franco-Siamese Treaty of 1904 and 1907, the borderline between Cambodia and Thai along the Dongrak Mountains followed justice in The Hague, officially founding that the Preah Vihara Temple is located inside Cambodia territory.
Preah Vihar Temple is situated in a pleasant environment with charming countryside a little to the east of the central part of the Dongrek Mountains. It is situated on the edge of a huge cliff about 625 meters above sea level in Preah Vihar Province, the northern part of Cambodia, 625 km from the capital Phnom Penh. It is also located close to the Cambodia-Thai border.
What can see in Preah Vihear Temple
The temple has four levels and four courtyards including five gopuras (the entrance halls sometimes extend beyond the minaret).
Palace Building or Gopuras on the third level.
This group of buildings was the residence of the king when he came to pay homage to the mighty god, and the two wings were shelters for pilgrims. The main temple is used for the supreme deities of the high order, this mighty group of buildings is considered to be the center of the entire temple complex.
Front Stone Staircase: This main road is facing north. The staircase is 8 meters wide and 78 meters long. The first flight consists of 162 steps. There is a large stone Singa statue on a block of stone on the first landing. Another 54 flights of stairs 4 meters wide and 27 meters long lead to the second landing which is decorated with a stone Signa statue.
Nagraj courtyard: This stone-paved is 7 meters wide by 31.8 meters long. From here the staircase leads to the first level Gopura. The stairs are in the form of seven-headed snakes called “Ngu sang”, which are oriented north towards the offerings. The heads and tails of serpents on both sides resemble those of ordinary snakes, characteristic and early examples of such animal figures. The head part of the Naga towards the west looks very impressive as it is made of a single solid stone.
First level Gopura: This is a pavilion in the Greek architectural style with a cross plan at the entrance of each terrace on an elevated, angled base. Stone lions are placed at the entrance of each terrace.
Accessibility to the Temple
The temple can be reached by crossing the Cambodia-Thai Gateway border from Thailand’s Ubon Ratchathani province. Presently this tour is from 8.00 to 16.00.
The Grandeur of its site
For all the grandeur of its site, perched on the edge of a towering cliff and with a commanding view over northern Cambodia, Preah Vihar is hard to imagine entirely. The experience is truly a memorable one – the chain of climbs, ornate gopuras, and wealth of ornamental detailing over the best part of a kilometer really strikes one’s imagination.
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Frequently Asked Questions About Temple of Preah Vihear
Q. Why is the Preah Vihar Temple important?
A- The Temple of Preah Vihara, a unique architectural complex of a series of sanctuaries connected by a system of footpaths and stairs on an 800-meter-long axis, is a masterpiece of Khmer architecture in terms of planning, decoration, and regard to the spectacular landscape. atmosphere.
Q. How many temples are there in Preah Vihar?
A – Here 3 temples stand apart at a distance of about 200 meters from each other. The first site is surrounded by double ramparts made of laterite 100 meters long and 50 meters wide. It consists of five temples made of sandstone, laterite, and brick.
Q. What does Preah Vihar mean?
A – Naming. Prasad Preah Vihar is a compound of the words Prasad, Preah, and Vihara, meaning “religious offering of the holy shrine”. … In Khmer, “Phnom” (ភ្នំ) means mountain, and Cambodians sometimes refer to it as “Phnom Preah Vihar” (ភ្នំព្រះវិហារ).
Q. How old is Preah Vihar Temple?
A – Preah Vihar was built over a period of 300 years by different kings. Construction began in the early 9th century during the reign of King Yashovarman I, but most of the temple was built by King Suryavarman I in the 10th century and King Suryavarman II in the 12th century.
Q. Is Cambodia a country?
A – Cambodia, is a country located on the Indochinese mainland of Southeast Asia. Cambodia is primarily a land of plains and great rivers and lies between important land and river trade routes connecting China to India and Southeast Asia.
Q. How many districts are there in Preah Vihar Province?
A – The province is divided into seven districts and one municipality.