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Turkey, officially known as the Republic of Turkey, is a country located in Eurasia, with territory spanning across both Europe and Asia. It is bordered by eight countries: Bulgaria, Greece, Georgia, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Iran, Iraq, and Syria. Turkey has a total area of approximately 783,356 square kilometers (302,455 square miles).

Turkey is known for its rich history, culture, and architecture, with many ancient ruins and landmarks, such as the Hagia Sophia and the Blue Mosque in Istanbul. Its capital city is Ankara, while its largest city is Istanbul, which straddles the Bosporus Strait and is considered a bridge between Europe and Asia.

Turkey has a population of approximately 84 million people, with Turkish being the official language. The country has a diverse economy, with major industries including agriculture, tourism, manufacturing, and services. It is also known for its production of textiles, automobiles, and electronics.

Turkey has a rich history, having been home to various civilizations throughout its history, including the Byzantine Empire and the Ottoman Empire. It has played a significant role in world events such as World War I and II and the Cold War. Turkey is a parliamentary democracy with a head of state, currently President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, and a prime minister, currently Ahmet Davutoğlu.

Turkey is a member of the United Nations, NATO, the Council of Europe, and the G20, and is considered a regional power in the Middle East and Eastern Europe.